Autobuses de Khabarovsk – Khabarovsk Buses


Los autobuses de Khabarovsk, al igual que he comentado anteriormente de los tranvías, son desastrosos. Su heterogeneidad (en una misma línea puede haber como poco media docena de modelos y casi todos los autobuses de colores diferentes) y horrible aspecto se juntan con su antigüedad y mala conducción.

La mayoría son autobuses importados de segunda mano (o tercera, vete a saber) desde Corea del Sur. De hecho una inmensa flota no sólo de autobuses, sino de coches, furgonetas, camionetas, grúas, etc. son importados de segunda mano de Corea y de Japón. La mayoría de los autobuses son Daewoo, mientras que los minibuses (o taxis comunitarios, llámese como se quiera) son Hyundai.

Para ilustrar el concepto del caos reinante en el transporte público de Khabarovsk  veamos algunos ejemplos que he recolectado sobre los colores de los autobuses (si hay más de uno se asume que los colores son en franjas horizontales):

  • Línea 1: rojo, blanco con flores de cerezo, blanco y negro, amarillo, blanco, blanco con puertas verdes y mucha publicidad.
  • Línea 4: azul cielo y azul.
  • Línea 8: turquesa y blanco, azul cielo, blanco y amarillo, azul, blanco, azul y blanco, granate y gris, blanco arriba y abajo y parte central verde, blanco y amarillo pero con mucha publicidad integrada, blanco arriba, turquesa en el centro y azul abajo.
  • Línea 10: verde claro.
  • Línea 14: azul con líneas curvas blancas, gris, azul y blanco, plateado.
  • Línea 19: azul y blanco, celeste, azul.
  • Línea 21: rojo y blanco en cuatro cuadrantes.
  • Línea 23: amarillo con rayitas, blanco, verde y gris, blanco y amarillo, rojo.
  • Línea 29: gris.
  • Línea 33: blanco y naranja.
  • Línea 34: celeste con dibujos, amarillo arriba, blanco en el centro, rojo abajo, azul arriba y abajo y en el centro blanco, blanco y amarillo en diferentes zonas.
  • Línea 40: rojo, gris.
  • Línea 49: amarillo, azul marino con raya fina gris, turquesa y blanco.
  • Línea 56: añil y blanco, amarillo, blanco y amarillo, azul y blanco, azul y blanco en cuatro cuadrantes, rojo, blanco y verde.
  • Línea 107: granate y blanco con publicidad integrada por todas partes.

En el caso de los taxis comunales o minibuses, la mayoría son de color amarillo (si veis algo amarillo es seguro un minibús), pero también hay otros colores: gris, blanco, pistacho y azul, verde y rojo, blanco y azul, gris y azul, morado, azul marino, granate…

Para hacerlos todavía menos homogéneos, encontramos autobuses:

  • Con o sin publicidad en los laterales, a veces integrada en la pintura del autobús.
  • Con o sin cortinillas de adorno (delante y/o en los laterales, cosas de por aquí…).
  • Con el cartel del número de línea en el frontal o en el lateral, arriba, abajo, en un lado del frontal.
  • Con el cartel hecho en plástico, o hecho con un papel con celo, o hecho de una pegatina, o con más de un número para hacer más divertidas las cosas (los transportes públicos tienen normalmente un número identificativo del vehículo, aparte de la matrícula).
  • Con o sin el logo de la ciudad en el frontal (a veces tras el cristal, otras con una pegatina, algunas veces abajo).
  • De diferentes marcas (habitualmente Daewoo, pero hay unos pocos que no) y por supuesto de diferentes modelos (docenas).
  • Con las puertas de color diferente o con el techo de color diferente o con la parte trasera pintada de otro color.
  • Con símbolos en coreano (normalmente minibuses), incluyendo la ruta que seguía cuando el vehículo vivía en Corea.
  • Con cualquier clase de reparación, pintura desconchada, sin pintura, rajados, destrozados, sucios…

El único factor común de todos los autobuses es lo cochambrosos que están.

Buses working in Khabarovsk, same as previously said about the trams, are disastrous. Their heterogeneity (in the same line there can be a minimum of half dozen of models and almost all with different colors) and their awful aspect are put together with their age and bad driving.

Most of the buses are second-hand imported ones (or third-hand, who knows) from South Korea. In fact, a majority of the fleet not only buses, but also cars, vans, small trucks, cranes, etc. are second-hand imported from South Korea and Japan. Most of the buses are Daewoo, while the minibuses (or communitarian taxis, call them whatever) are Hyundai.

To illustrate the concept of the chaos of the public transportation in Khabarovsk let us see some examples I have collected about the colors of the buses (if there is more than one color assume colors are in horizontal stripes):

  • Line 1: red, white with cherry flowers, white and black, yellow, white, white with green doors and large ads.
  • Line 4: cyan and blue.
  • Line 8: turquoise and white, sky blue, white and yellow, blue, white, blue and white, garnet and gray, white up and down and the central part green, white and yellow but a lot of integrated ads, white up, turquoise in the center and blue down.
  • Line 10: light green.
  • Line 14: blue with white curve lines, gray, blue and white, silver.
  • Line 19: blue and white, cyan, blue.
  • Line 21: red and white in four quadrants.
  • Line 23: yellow with lines, white, green and gray, white and yellow, red.
  • Line 29: gray.
  • Line 33: white and orange.
  • Line 34: cyan with drawings, yellow up, white in the center, red down, blue up and down and white center, white and yellow in different areas.
  • Line 40: red, gray.
  • Line 49: yellow, navy with a thin gray line, turquoise and white.
  • Line 56: azure and white, yellow, white and yellow, blue and white, blue and white in four quadrants, red, white and green.
  • Line 107: garnet and white with integrated ads everywhere.

In the case of the communitarian taxis or minibuses, most are yellow (if you see something yellow it is surely a minibus), but there are also in other colors: gray, white, pistachio and blue, green and red, white and blue, gray and blue, purple, navy, garnet…

In order to make them less homogeneous, we find buses:

  • With our without ads in the laterals, sometimes integrated in the bus paint.
  • With our without decorative curtains (in the front and/or laterals, typical things here…).
  • With or without the line number in the front or the lateral, up, down or at a side of the front.
  • With the line sign made of plastic, or made with paper and scotch, or made with a sticker or with more than one number to make things funnier (public transportation here have a vehicle id number, besides the plate).
  • With our without the city logo in the front (sometimes behind the glass, sometimes with a sticker, sometimes down).
  • Of different brands (usually Daewoo, but some not) and of course of different models (dozens).
  • With the doors painted in a different color, or the roof in different color, or the back side in different color.
  • With Korean symbols (usually minibuses), even including the route it followed when the bus lived in South Korea.
  • With any kind of repair, chipped paint, no paint, cracked, destroyed, dirty…

The only common factor of all buses is how filthy they are.

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3 Responses to Autobuses de Khabarovsk – Khabarovsk Buses

  1. Public transport is a huge problem in Russia… Because russians became too much self oriented, life style changed, and people saw the best option to have a private car… Pus not to brainy local govs trashed soviet public transport and now we have a tiny soviet infrastructure overflowed by millions of cars.

    • Well, I agree with you in your perception of public transport. It is antiquate and not good enough. I do not know if the change of life style is to be blamed for that, though I agree Russians have become more self oriented and particularly very much private car oriented (especially showing off their cars), but that is also a consequence of so many years of soviet life. Now people want to boast about everything, which is also ridiculous. The main problem I see is lack of investment from the government. And I agree also with you when referring to the tiny infrastructure being overflown by cars. That is probably the very first issue. The infrastructure needs a huge improvement, both roads and vehicles. But the old soviet style of doing “maintenance” remains. And that must change. It is a combined effort of more investment and better qualified workers/companies doing the job. It is amazing that the same holes and bumps in the roads appear and reappear year after year. That is only caused by a bad workmanship (which can also be a consequence of a low budget, but knowing the business it is mostly due to bad workers/training and lack of initiative). The public transportation fleet in Khabarovsk is also extremely old. And having buses, trolleys, trams, minibuses, etc. is a non-working system. Trams here cover a huge are, same as buses do, but the infrastructure of trams and trolleys is a stone in the road for the rest. My humble opinion is that unless all road construction (really cheap and bad) is improved, those trams and trolleys should be removed and substituted by buses. There are many traffic problems due to crossing of tram rails, with people running at 100 km/h in the city streets (amazing) suddenly stopping to 5 km/h to cross the rails. Both attitudes are wrong, but drivers education is also another point of extreme improvement.

  2. http://city4people.ru — russian public transportation fanatics web site )

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