Desarrollo Urbanístico de Khabarovsk – Khabarovsk Urban Development


Khabarovsk se construyó originalmente siguiendo un plan del arquitecto Lublin de 1864, sobre tres colinas (que recibían los nombres de militar, central y de artillería), por lo que, como resulta obvio, el centro de la ciudad tiene muchas cuestas. En las tres colinas se construyeron muchas casas, pero siempre bajitas, empezando en la zona del actual hotel Intourist (frente al Museo Regional).

En 1880, la zona entre el río Amur y lo que son hoy los bulevares (originariamente ríos) albergaba los edificios administrativos de la ciudad y las casas de algunos ciudadanos acaudalados.

La siguiente expansión, en 1893, planteó la red callejera de la ciudad. Es la época en la que se construyen la mayor parte de los edificios que hoy se consideran históricos y que pueblan el centro de la ciudad, en su mayoría en la calle Muravyova-Amurskova y otros en las calles aledañas, y que podéis ver en algunos de los posts del blog.

En épocas posteriores, durante la época socialista, se construyeron más edificios gubernamentales y se realizó la clara separación entre las áreas puramente residenciales e industriales. Pocos edificios interesantes quedan de esta época (la mayoría son del clásico y horrible ladrillo comunista blanco), entre otros la Casa de los Comunes en la calle Muravyova-Amurskova 25, sede de la NKVD y que actualmente está ocupada por apartamentos y el Teatro Dramático.

Durante muchos años, la ciudad permaneció en un perfil bajo, sin grandes monumentos ni edificios que destacaran sobre otros. Y de hecho la ciudad no vivió modificaciones importantes hasta la época de los 1990s.

La entrada del siglo XXI insufló de vida la ciudad con numerosos nuevos edificios (el circo, iglesias, centros comerciales, la reconstrucción de la estación de ferrocarril, etc.). Y no es sino hasta el año 2004 cuando Khabarovsk ve construido su mayor edificio (por ahora), la Catedral de la Transfiguración, con 95 metros de altura.

Y desde el 2006, con el cuarto plan de desarrollo urbanístico, hasta la actualidad la ciudad está experimentando un rápido crecimiento, particularmente en lo referente a la construcción de edificios altos, todos ellos de viviendas, de unas veinte plantas, aunque sin llegar a alturas que permita llamarlos rascacielos: 60-90 metros.

En esta web (traducida), podéis ver algunos de los edificios altos de Khabarovsk. El sur de la ciudad es la zona en la que se están construyendo la mayoría, donde además se está construyendo un nuevo centro comercial. En este foro podéis ver algunas fotos de las obras. Muchos edificios están siendo terminados en ladrillo naranja y amarillo, mientras que otros, particularmente en la zona sur (aunque también unos cuantos en el centro, donde vivimos) tienen planchas metálicas pintadas de colores muy llamativos (verdes, amarillos, naranjas) o en tonos pastel.

El primer rascacielos que podría llamarse así (aunque no hay una definición concreta, digamos que será el primer edificio en superar los 100 metros de altura) es un edificio de oficinas denominado “Новый Квартал” (Nuevo Barrio) de 28 plantas (103 m), que está siendo construido en la zona norte de Karla Marxa, a la altura del número 96a.

2013-05-13 - Khabarovsk - Bulevar UssuriskyKhabarovsk was originally built following a plan of the architect Lublin in 1864, over three hills (named as military, central and artillery), so, obviously, the city center has many slopes. In the three hills many houses were built, always small ones, starting in the area currently occupied by the Intourist hotel (in front of the Regional Museum).

In 1880, the area between the boulevards (originally rivers) and the Amur River, hosted the administrative buildings of the city and the houses of some wealthy citizens.

The next expansion, in 1893, and established the city Street layout. This is the time when most of the buildings today considered as historical that can be found in the city center are built, mainly in Muravyova-Amurskova Street and neighboring streets, and that you can see in some of the blog posts.

Later, during the Socialist era, more government buildings were built, and the segregation between purely residential and industrial areas was made. Few interesting buildings are from those days (most are ugly classic white communist brick buildings), among others the House of the Commons, in 25 Muravyova-Amurskova Street, headquarters of the NKVD, and currently used as apartments and the Drama Theatre.

During many years, the city remained in a low profile, without monuments or building standing out others. In fact, the city did not suffer relevant modifications until the 1990s.

The coming of the 21st century brought new air to the city with numerous new buildings (circus, churches, commercial centers, the reconstruction of the railway station, etc.). And it is only in 2004 when Khabarovsk sees its largest building (yet) being built, the Transfiguration Cathedral, with 95 meters height.

From 2006 till the present, with the fourth urban development plan, the city is experiencing a rapid growing, particularly with the construction or tall buildings, all residential, of around 20 stories, though not tall enough to be called skycrappers (60-90 meters).

In this website (translated), you can see some of these Khabarovsk tall buildings. The south of the city is the area where most are being built, where also a new commercial center is being erected. In this forum you can see some pictures of the works. Many buildings are being finished in orange and yellow bricks, while others, particularly in the south end (though also some in the center, where we live) have metallic slabs painted in striking or pastel colors.

The first skycrapper that could be classified as such (though there is no particular definition, let us say this is going to be the first building over 100 meters height) is a business center named “Новый Квартал” (New Neighborhood), 28 stories high (103 m), which is being built north of Karla Marxa Street, at number 96a.

Advertisements
This entry was posted in Ciudad - City, Historia - History and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to Desarrollo Urbanístico de Khabarovsk – Khabarovsk Urban Development

  1. I killed with a tall new second line apartments what killed a first line view of the main streets… new buildings are ugly and have no any thing about style and respect to the city… Developers and mayor are bastards.

    • I somehow do not agree with your opinion of the new buildings being ugly. There are three types of new buildings:
      – Buildings trying to reuse the old Imperial style, in orange brick, such as those built in Djambula (2010 and 2012 respectively). Those try to maintain the homogeneity of the classic city style of early 1900s. However, the quality of construction of these buildings is low and the walls are already dirty with calcium carbonate.
      – Buildings trying to innovate with plastic panels full of color. Those can be seen south of the city (near Yerofey Stadium) and also in Istomina Street. I must admit that I got used to them, though the ones on the south chose terrible pastel colors. The ones at Istomina are more cheerful. I admit these buildings clash against any other building.
      – Buildings built in a modern brick style. Most of the small towers built since 2008 follow this scheme. There are many examples of this, some in Istomina, near the Ussurisky Boulevard, some south of the city, some in other places. These are similar to other apartment towers erected in many parts of the world. They try to give some sense of identity by using bricks of different colors (orange, grey, white, yellow). I do not think they are so ugly.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s